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State Profile

State Profile

Bihar is located in the eastern part of the country (between 83°-30' to 88 °-00' longitude). It is an entirely land–locked state, although the outlet to the sea through the port of Kolkata is not far away. Bihar lies mid-way between the humid West Bengal in the east and the sub humid Uttar Pradesh in the west which provides it with a transitional position in respect of climate, economy and culture. It is bounded by Nepal in the north and by Jharkhand in the south. The Bihar plain is divided into two unequal halves by the river Ganga which flows through the middle from west to east.

 

Physical Features
Latitude         24°-20'-10" ~ 27°-31'-15" N  
Longitude 82°-19'-50" ~ 88°-17'-40" E
Rural Area 92,257.51 sq. kms
Urban Area 1,095.49 sq. kms
Total Area 94,163.00 sq. kms
Height above Sea-Level 173 Feet
Normal Rainfall 1,205 mm
Avg. Number of Rainy Days 52.5 Days in a Year
     
 Administrative Units
Divisions   9  
Districts 38
Sub-Divisions 101
CD Blocks 534
Panchayats 8,471
Number of Revenue Villages 45,103
Number of Urban Agglomerations 14
Number of Towns 199
    - Statutory Towns 139
    - Non-Statutory Towns 60
Police Stations 853
    - Civil Police Stations 813
    - Railway Police Stations 40
Police Districts 43
    - Civil Police District 39
    - Railway Police District 4
     
 Key Statistics - as per 2011 Census (Provisional)
Population   10,38,04,637  
    - Male 5,41,85,347
    - Female 4,96,19,290
Population (0~6 Years Group)  
    - In Absolute Numbers 1,85,82,229
   
96,15,280
   
89,66,949
    - Percentage of Total Population 17.90%
   
17.75%
   
18.07%
Literacy  
    - In Absolute Numbers 5,43,90,254
   
3,27,11,975
   
2,16,78,279
    - Percentage of Total Population 63.82%
   
73.39%
   
53.33%
Decadal Population Growth (2001-2011)   
    - Absolute 2,08,06,128
    - As Percentage 25.07%
Highest Decadal Growth at Madhepura District (30.65%)
Lowest Decadal Growth at Gopalganj District (18.83%)
    - Civil Police Stations 813
    - Railway Police Stations> 40
Density of Population 1,102 per sq kms
    - Highest Density Sheohar, 1882 per sq kms
    - Lowest Density Kaimur, 488 per sq kms
Most Populous District Patna: 57,72,804
Least Populous District Sheikhpura: 6,34,927
Sex Ratio (Females/Thousand Males) 916
    - Highest Ratio (Gopalganj) 1,015
    - Lowest Ratio (Munger and Bhagalpur) 879
Highest Literacy Rate Rohtas, 75.59%
Lowest Literacy Rate Purnia, 52.49%
Average Population of a District 27,31,701